History studied in Year 9: 1688-1815 including French and American revolutions
Term 1: 1688-1730; Term 2: 1730-1786; Term 3: 1786-1815
As students mature, their reading material will present more challenging content, and may include strong language and more mature themes. We have placed footnotes linked in red beside those books that most parents will consider an issue. However, we cannot anticipate which content might be an issue for every family. We encourage parents to pre-screen material to determine its appropriateness for their child and family. Note: These booklists and curriculum suggestions are incomplete without a thorough understanding of Charlotte Mason's ideas and methods. We cannot emphasize enough that you take time to familiarize yourself with her philosophy by reading her books.
Table of Contents:
BIBLE AND CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY
GOVERNMENT AND ECONOMICS
GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION
LIFE AND WORK SKILLS
For some thoughts behind the planning of this Year, some encouragement, and an explanation of AO/HEO upper years' "Salad Bar" approach, click here. Take the time to read the footnoted notes and comments; you will not be able to make good decisions about what to include or not without doing so. If this looks overwhelming for your student, you might consider plan B - a lightened load for Year 9. See it here.
Suggested Devotional Reading
You may wish to select Churchill's Age of Revolution plus one of the American history books, OR simply choose one of the following options. Choosing two American History books would probably be overkill. (Term 1: 1688-1730; Term 2: 1730-1786; Term 3: 1786-1815)
Choose 2-5 from among these suggestions: 
Choose one to three of the following: 
In the 36-week schedule, Longitude or London to Land's End is scheduled in Term 1, and Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland is scheduled over Terms 2 and 3. Feel free to choose differently.
Additional Options (For more advanced students particularly interested in political history)
For more options, additional list, most of which haven't been read by any of the Advisory, is here.
If your student hasn't yet had any formal grammar lessons:
A Living Science option is still in the works, but you may opt to beta test it. See our note on the progress for AO's Living Science project for Year 9.
Choose one of these three options: 
Useful for future reference: A Guide to the Best Historical Novels and Tales by Jonathan Nield
Many thanks to David Hicks, author of Norms and Nobility, for his kind permission to draw from his work and ideas. For more information please see the amazon.com link to the 1999 edition of his book.
The Year 9 "Salad Bar"
This is a collection of some of the best resources for this time period. Even Advisory members aren't able to cover all of these with every single one of their own students and have to be selective. Feel free to pick and choose from among these suggestions. The best choice may just be the book you already own, and the one from which your student can narrate.
Year 9 marks a transition for both parent and child in terms of effort, involvement, content and goals. High school is hard work. Students should be encouraged to approach it as though it's their first full-time job, and parents must remain involved -- even as the child is maturing toward independence and becoming capable of taking over some of the decision making and record keeping. Some students already have specific career goals in mind that can be integrated into their school work, while college bound students will need to tailor their studies to meet university admissions requirements. In short, Year 9 ushers in a new phase of life and school for everyone involved. It's an exciting time that can and should be enjoyed! (Read about high school credits here.)
Now for a word about books, and the design of Year 9 . . .
Selecting the best books is a challenge that increases with each successive school year. High school students are journeying across the bridge into adulthood, and the books they should read at this level reflect the adult world. While previewing the content of mountains of books for the AO/HEO high school years, we've been constantly aware that we cannot predict how far across that bridge other people's children may be. Families vary greatly in their views on sheltering, protecting and preparing for adulthood, so it would be futile for us to attempt to be the censor or guardian (the bridge troll?) for all AmblesideOnline scholars. We set a very high standard for AO/HEO materials, and we've gone the extra mile and beyond to create and provide a Year 9 prototype that reflects excellence. However by no means do we claim to have done all the work for you! It remains the homeschool parent's job, most particularly on the high school level, to assume full responsibility for matching your child's sensitivities and sensibilities and your family's standards with the books you select for study.
In the booklist shown here, we've offered a few notes on potential concerns in certain books, but it goes without saying that we have not noted every potential concern in every book. Please understand that the absence of a comment does not mean the absence of anything your particular family might find offensive or inappropriate.
For these and other reasons, the AO/HEO high school Years are designed not as a single curriculum list (like the preceding Years), but rather as what we fondly call the HEO "Salad Bar" approach. In many subject areas, we offer a variety of options for you to choose among (or you may substitute your own). The final product will be your design. Those who still prefer the comfort of a single booklist may simply select "Option One" where options are presented.
We feel that this Year 9 book list is in keeping with Charlotte Mason's principles, but it isn't the only possible way to "do" CM in high school. You are free to use it en toto, piecemeal, or simply as an example to consider.
To arrive at the best high school plan for your child, expect to burn some midnight oil, dig a little more than you did to prepare for the younger grades, and make more personal choices. You should budget time over a few weeks to focus on previewing and selecting books. Look on the bright side: you'll emerge from this process more conversant and familiar with the era and books your student is about to cover -- and discussion is so vital for students in the upper grades. You'll also be more sympathetic to your hardworking young scholar!
As you devise your own Year 9 curriculum, whether using our book suggestions or your own substitute titles, it's useful to keep a page count in mind. Charlotte Mason's students covered approximately 1600-2000 pages in a term by Year 9, using about 40 different books. This loose guideline will help you gauge whether your own academic load is in keeping with Miss Mason's.
Before beginning these upper years, please do yourself one very smart favor: zealously pursue some teacher preparation time for yourself. It's a little investment that will pay you back double every single school day. We suggest you read (or reread) volume 6 of Charlotte Mason's six volume set. Volume 5 may also be helpful to you. Both are available online, as free e-texts. You'll also find it useful to scan the sample Programmes from Miss Mason's own PNEU school, which are linked from the AmblesideOnline homepage. Forms III and IV are the ones relevant to Year 9. You'll find a wealth of helpful articles at AmblesideOnline, so plan to spend a few evenings exploring the site. It's also helpful to have on hand a good current book on homeschooling through high school. And you'll find terrific support on the AO Forum -- please join and participate!
Blessings to you, and happy high schooling!
The Advisory (Back to top of page)
2. Note on Audiobooks: While links to audio books are added as a courtesy, Miss Mason's approach to grammar and composition is heavily dependent upon the children receiving an immense amount of visual exposure to the written word over many years, so parents should exercise extreme caution in how many audiobooks they use each year. Our brains just work differently when we see the words. For children who have difficulty reading, one solution is to have them follow the audio version along in a written text. Librivox free audio is done by volunteers, and some are better than others. Forgotten Classics has a list of some favorite Librivox readers. (Back)
4. Continue AO's plan (6 years through the Bible in Years 6-11, leaving Song of Solomon and Revelation for Year 12), or follow a plan of your own preference. AO's plan schedules the following for this year:
Term 1: 2 Kings; Mark; Psalms1-20 ; Proverbs 17-21
Term 2: 1 Chronicles; Acts 1-21; Psalms 21-37; Proverbs 22-26
Term 3: 2 Chronicles, Obadiah, Jonah; Acts 22-28, James, Galatians; Psalms 38-55; Proverbs 27-31
Resources: Study questions with maps; Bible Maps; Bible timeline.
Charlotte Mason had her students reading a commentary. We suggest you use what fits best with your family's belief system, keeping in mind that this year should be a bit meatier than previous years. One option is Matthew Henry's commentary. ($). Encyclopedia of Bible Truths, 4 Volumes by Ruth C. Haycock (purchase from CBD)
Other commentaries are available at Christian Classics Ethereal Library. (Back)
6. The God Who is There by Francis Schaeffer is among the foremost apologetic works of the twentieth century. (Back)
8. Saints and Heroes is an option for church history if you didn't use Trial and Triumph in Years 1-6
Term 1: (Vol 2) ch 13 Fox-ch 14 Wesley
Term 2: none
Term 3: none (Back)
10. History: We do not wish to appear to imply that a full and complete study of American History is mandatory for non-Americans. Because of the influence the US has had on world events, we do believe that some understanding of the histories of England and the US is necessary for everybody; however, the depth of that coverage is an individual choice. Students from other countries should have a more thorough exposure to their own national history than our suggested options offer, and we encourage all AO/HEO users to seek excellent books on their own history and heritage. However, as we lack the resources and time to choose histories for other countries, we leave this responsibility to our foreign users. Please be bold in making the curriculum fit your own needs. (Back)
12. Timeline: At this age, students should be keeping a Century Chart and Book of Centuries. Students at this level in the PNEU schools made summaries of dates and events, referred to maps as they read their history, and made century charts. Instructions for making your own timelines and charts are included in these Parents' Review articles: Book of the Centuries; Teaching Chronology; The Correlation of Lessons. For more details about the why, when, how of keeping CM timelines (and other notebooks), we recommend Laurie Bestvater's book, The Living Page ($). (Back)
14. Cambridge History of English and American Literature: A book you might find helpful for reference while studying this era (both for yourself as a teacher, and for your student to use): The Cambridge History of English and American Literature (An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes), Volume XI: English, The Period of the French Revolution. Δ (Back)
16. Truthquest: Many AO/HEO parents find Truthquest to be a tremendous help for enriching discussion of the big picture of history with their children. Somewhat reminiscent of the kinds of lesson preparation materials Charlotte Mason provided her PNEU teachers, they may be used to supplement whichever history books you choose. Truthquest Ages of Revolution Guides I ($) and II ($) fit the time period of Year 9. For more information see their website. (Back)
18. The Age of Revolution is Volume 3 of Winston Churchill's 4 volume set, "A History of the English Speaking Peoples." These volumes are used across Years 7-10. Americans and those who desire a more accurate picture of the American Revolution (which is covered in Term 2) may prefer another option, or at least an additional option. One option would be to use the Churchill book alone for terms 1 and 3, and substitute an American history book to be used alone for term 2.
Term 1: ch 1 William of Orange - ch 6 Treaty of Utrechte
Term 2: ch 7 The House of Hanover - ch 15 The Indian Empire
Term 3: ch 16 The Younger Pitt - ch 25 Elba and Waterloo
Don't get the one edited by Henry Steele Commager, as it's abridged. For planning purposes, there is a Table of Contents with dates for all 4 volumes of A History of the English Speaking Peoples, and a schedule to break down the week's chapter into 4 short daily readings. (Back)
20. Oxford Book of American History by Samuel Eliot Morison: Factual, detailed, scholarly. Year 9 students would read roughly pages 140-400, a total of 260 pages (86 pages per term, about 7.2 pages per week). (Back)
22. A History of the American People by Paul Johnson: An easier read than Morison (more engaging), perhaps more editorial in places. Juicier than either Churchill or Morison. Very enthusiastically pro-American. Year 9 students would read approximately pages 79-269/279.
Term 1: pg 79-117
Term 2: pg 121-184
Term 3: 184-279
A weekly schedule is here. (Back)
24. A Basic History of the United States by Clarence B. Carson. Carson, a history professor, has a scholarly tone, and approaches his topic from a libertarian, probably Christian, point of view.
This is a six volume series, available through used booksellers; try Amazon.com or Rainbow Resources. Also available on audio from Downpour. Year 9 students would roughly use volume 1, pages 79-165; and volume 2, pages 1-201, which leaves only about 4 pages more of the book. (In Volume 1, Carson forays into some topics that range from Year 8's time period to the middle of Year 9's, such as general overviews of the development of culture and thinking, and tracing the development of ideas and events. This makes it a bit harder to assign pages in these chapters that fit precisely in the Year 9 time period. However, the material is still valuable.) There is an appendix including such historical documents as The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, Washington's Farewell Address, Jefferson's Inaugural Address, and The Monroe Doctrine. (Back)
26. The Story of America by Hendrik Van Loon: Contains some of Van Loon's usual anti-Christian sentiments and snide asides that readers have noted in his Story of Mankind, but also offers his usual engaging writing style. Year 9 students would read approximately pages 86-224, more or less. (Back)
28. Salem witch trial transcript: These links are suggested; feel free to choose more (or to choose differently):
Letter From Rev. John Higginson to His Son Nathaniel Higginson
Letter of Deodat Lawson
Court testimony of Sarah Bibber
Court testimony of Mary Osgood
Letter To John Foster
Notable people: Tituba
Optional: these links from the same website might be added:
Trial transcripts: John Alden
Letters of Governor William Phipps
Petitions from Relatives of Prisoners (scroll down same page)
Laws Passed (scroll down same page)
Reversal of Attainder and Rest (sampling) (scroll down same page)
There's a brief article with linked names here.
The Salem Witch Trials were a blight on our history, but the fact remains that they stand out because of the rarity of witchcraft executions in the Colonies, and their comparatively late date (although Switzerland executed a witch in 1892). In the Colonies, 40 people were executed for witchcraft, half of them in the Salem Trials, and one of the key judges later repented and expressed his deep sorrow for his role in the executions. In England, there were nearly a thousand witchcraft trials from 1552 to 1722, and roughly a quarter of those ended in executions. Scotland tried nearly 2,000 in the same period, and even Switzerland had nearly 400 witchcraft trials in this period with nearly a quarter of the accused executed. Southwestern Germany executed some 3,000 during the same time period. (Back)
32. Chesterfield's "Letters to His Son" offer an interesting window into the culture, customs, and thoughts of the time. 488 pages, choose selections. (Back)
34. Michael Medved has done some absolutely riveting radio programs where he shares spellbinding accounts of Revolutionary War battles. Well worth hearing. Single programs are about 12 dollars each (or $10 for mp3 download). You can order the entire set of 25 CD's for $225 or 2 mp3-CD's for $115. (Back)
36. "Liberty! The American Revolution" is a painstakingly accurate and gripping 6 hour documentary produced by PBS, which covers events from 1763-1788. Includes commentary from scholars and historians, and draws heavily from period journals, letters and source documents. Battle scenes recreated on location with Revolutionary War re-enactors. Excellent acting and period music -- clearly conveys a sense of the times, the force of personalities, the ideas that drove events, and the progression of the battles. Descriptions of each episode can be found here. Check libraries. (A video series is something of a departure for Ambleside/HEO, and not a recommendation we would ordinarily make, but this one is unusually well done.) (Back)
38. Patrick Henry's famous 'Give me liberty or give me death' speech prepared Virginia for war against the Mother Country. (Back)
40. "John Wesley Denounces the Doctrine of Predestination," also known as "Free Grace," provides a theological contrast to Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." (Back)
42. Miracle at Philadelphia: Very readable, fascinating account of the Constitutional Convention. A classic. (Back)
44. "The Invasion of Canada" provides an interesting concurrent study of the War of 1812. (Back)
46. Speech by William Wilberforce In the book "A Treasury of the World's Great Speeches," (online; $) this is listed as "William Pitt the Younger Indicts the Slave Trade and Foresees a Liberated Africa" April 2, 1792. We've been unable to find this online. We suggest that a book of famous speeches such as the above treasury ought to be in every homeschool library. [An AO user found a book of Pitt's speeches here. Scroll down to the African Slave Trade speech (p363), and click on it. The speech starts half way down page 363 and is listed as April 2nd 1792, not April 3rd. Or, you can download a Word/.odt document of this speech.] Ω (Back)
48. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation is a small paperback (248 pages) that won the Pulitzer in 2002, and thus should be in every public library. From the back of the book: "Through an analysis of six fascinating episodes -- Hamilton and Burr's deadly duel, Washington's precedent-setting Farewell Address [does not contain the text of it, but rather puts it in context], Adams' administration and political partnership with his wife, the debate about where to place the capitol, Franklin's attempt to force Congress to confront the issue of slavery, and Madison's attempts to block him, and Jefferson and Adams famous correspondence -- Founding Brothers brings to life the vital issues and personalities from the most important decade in our nation's history."(Back)
50. Biographies: Choose from the listed options or topics, or substitute your own. We suggest no more than 3-5 biographies over the year, depending on the length of your selections.
Whether you assign only one biography of an American this year, or multiple biographies (see recommendations below) we strongly recommend that you include a very good biography of George Washington. Here are some to consider:
Founding Father -- Rediscovering George Washington by Richard Brookhiser ($). Written as a moral biography after the tradition of Plutarch. Many modern biographies of Washington are plagued with revisionism, while some earlier biographies treat him with such iconic, reverent distance that he remains out of reach and never comes to life for the reader. This book avoids both flaws. 200 pages, in print.
The Student's Life of Washington by Washington Irving β Δ ($). (Irving, who met Washington as a small boy, wrote a 740 page four volume biography which is available in condensed form -- perhaps the condensed version is the Student's Life linked? A very literary read. One note: Irving was aging toward the end of the work and as such the coverage of Washington's life from the presidency through his death is a bit thinner than the earlier chapters of the work. Regardless, a good choice.)
Washington: The Indispensible Man by James Thomas Flexner, winner of a Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award. ($) A favorite among Washington biography enthusiasts, and considered by many to be the best work on his life. For an above average student, or one with a keen interest in Washington or the Revolutionary era. One note: according to one reviewer, Flexner makes the odd (and arguably insupportable) suggestion that Washington was a deist. 402 pages, in print.
The Life of George Washington by David Ramsay, 1807. Δ ($) Written eight years after Washington's death, this is one of the few online biographies of GW. Approximately 368 pages. Drier and more archaic in style than other titles here.
[Note: Albert Marrin's bio of Washington is not included here because of its darker tone and possible inaccuracies.]
110 Rules of Civility ($ K) ∫ Not a biography, rather an interesting and instructive supplement to a study of Washington. Great source for copywork. Multiple websites; search for a version that best suits your purposes. (Back)
54. John Adams and the American Revolution by Catherine Drinker Bowen: also excellent, slightly less detailed. 698 pages. (Back)
56. Marie Antoinette and Her Son: Creates a mood of sympathy for Marie Antoinette and her family. 544 pages (Back)
58. Napoleon Bonaparte by John S. C. Abbott: this is a single-volume book (not to be confused with the much longer multi-volume The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte, or The History of Napoleon Bonaparte by the same author) which has portions missing in all its online texts (paperback reprints may have used the same Project Gutenberg text and be missing the same pages).
Another option: The Story of Napoleon by H.E. Marshall Δ ($ K) is a possibility, although written for younger children.
Consider having your student write a narration comparing Napoleon to George Washington. (Back)
60. The Life of Horatio Lord Nelson: Nine chapters. Lord Nelson appears in Churchill's Trafalgar chapter (week 30). 179 pages. (Back)
62. Life of Johnson: The famous, classic biography of the English author Samuel Johnson by James Boswell. Ω Included in Encyclopedia Brittanica's Great Books of the Western World, Volume 44. The online version says "abridged and edited" but you may want to edit further for length. Also here. OR choose the Penguin Classics edition of this book, edited by Christopher Hibbard, the shortest edition in print at 300 pages ($). Available at www.bn.com or from used booksellers. The Introduction to this edition may warrant parental preview. (Back)
64. Geography. Geosafari (available now on CD-rom) would be sufficient. ($ purchase basic geography card set) SeterraOnline offers Free Map Quiz Games. If you have an iPad or iPhone, TapQuiz is a free map quiz app. (Back)
66. Maps: Many countries have a tourism department, and writing to their embassies for free brochures, maps, and other travel information might be an inexpensive way to supplement geography studies. Also, see our notes about The World and I under current events. This is a rich resource for this purpose also. (Back)
68. The suggestions are matched to the time period for Year 9. If you wish your geography to be more current, select from our page of geography options. (The 36-week schedule uses London to Land's End and Journey to Western Islands of Scotland; you can view a schedule of those books here. If you prefer to use The Royal Road to Romance by Richard Halliburton ($), and Walking the Bible by Bruce Feiler ($ K), a schedule is here). (Back)
70. A book about the Lewis & Clark Expedition - Two suggestions are Undaunted Courage by Stephen E. Ambrose ($), and Lewis and Clark by Dayton Duncan and Ken Burns ($). ** Preview any other titles, as many books about Lewis and Clark's journey contain graphic material. (Back)
72. A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland is currently in print, approximately 133 pages (will vary by edition). This book also goes under the title "A Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland." (Back)
76. Five entertaining illustrations of how legislated financial equality, wage fixing, supply and demand and welfare play out, using chapters titled A Fairy Tale, Patty's Marriage, The Treacherous Friend and The Wedding Gown. (Back)
78. The Kindle link includes both The Rights of Man and Common Sense in a single volume. (Back)
80. Government: High School students will need to earn credit for basic government. This material can be done in Year 9, 10, 11 or 12. Some options:
Constitution 101: The Meaning and History of the Constitution is a ten-week online course offered by Hillsdale College. You have to register with a login and password, but the course is free.
The Everything American Government Book by Nick Ragone; a schedule is here. ($ K).
Exploring Government Curriculum Package by Ray Notgrass (purchase from CBD)
The Story of the Constitution by Sol Bloom and Lars Johnson (Christian Liberty Press; OOP; $) There is a teacher's edition/answer key available. This book covers material that is similar to the more narrative Miracle at Philadelphia, but with a mix of both the historical background and analysis of the content. (OOP; $)
This 10-minute YouTube video presents a clear explanation of the difference between a republic based on law, and a democracy based on majority rule. (Back)
82. PragerU's free video clips "explain and spread what we call 'Americanism' through the power of the Internet. Our five-minute videos are conservative sound bites that clarify profoundly significant and uniquely American concepts. . . We help millions of people understand the fundamental values that shaped America." Transcripts are linked under each video. AO has a list of their videos here. (Back)
84. Ourselves: approximately 22 pages per term. This book will continue through all the remaining years of AO/HEO curriculum. This is the 4th volume of Mason's 6 Volume Series. This year: pages 131-210 of Book 1.
Also available in a modern English paraphrase that can be read online or purchased. (K) The paraphrase of Book I, Self-Knowledge, the first half of Volume 4, can be purchased as a separate paperback book.
Term 1: Book 1 pg 131-155
Term 2: Book 1 pg 156-178
Term 3: Book 1 pg 179-210 (Back)
87. Pope's Essay on Man: Read a little background on Pope (there's a tiny bit in English Literature for Boys and Girls), and you'll see his poetry is "of the brain" and not the heart. With that in mind, read a few stanzas, and see if you can re-write them in prose, just to get a flavor of his writing, and the thinking that was prevalent during the era (he is a man of his time, and his ideas are more timely than timeless). The sentimental and romantic poets were a reaction against poetry like this (in part). Once you've experienced the thing, there's really no need to read it all. (posted by Karen Glass) (Back)
88. The Four Loves: A candid and wise reflection on the four basic kinds of love by a most perceptive Christian writer. As the teen years begin, it's quite natural for thoughts to turn to love and relationship issues. At this pivotal stage, gaining a Biblical understanding of the different types of love is of inestimable benefit, and can spare much confusion and heartache. A deep, important book that should be read and discussed with a parent. "The only place outside of Heaven where you can be perfectly safe from all the dangers and perturbations of love is Hell." -- Lewis. 140 pages, currently in print. (Back)
90. Charlotte Mason had students at this level read the daily news and keep a calendar of events. We suggest students choose the most important 2 or 3 stories of the week and re-write them in their own words as a chronicle of the year, making the heading of each page something like "This Week in History, September 1st, 2003." Parents: pre-read and filter current events materials (on the web, or in print) as necessary, due to the potential for coverage and topics of an explicit nature, even from conservative sources. We've listed some possible options here.
Blogs as a media form have rapidly overtaken hard-copy publications. News is being reported there, in some cases, faster and more accurately than other, older media forms. Students should learn about them, find one they trust, and check it regularly. However, we recommend that parents first become familiar with blogs and visit the one(s) their children will frequent. We suggest several poliblogs here, but parents should know that not every message on these blogs will be 'child-friendly' and often have ads that include scantily clad women. Also, most blogs link to a multitude of other blogs and sites that may not be child-friendly.
Comments posted on blogs can be considered a new media equivalent of a letter to the editor, and students should learn how to communicate well on blogs. (Back)
92. Miss Mason directed students at this level to keep a Common-place Book for passages that strike them particularly; to learn a hundred lines of poetry; and to be able to give some account of what they have read in each book, with sketches of the chief characters. (Back)
94. The History of English Literature for Girls and Boys: $ from Kelly Kenar, who typed this e-text for the use of AO/HEO. Postage at lulu.com is automatically set to UPS ground which is expensive, but you can choose media mail which is substantially cheaper. (If you purchase this book, we request that you purchase from the link provided, as other publishers' reprints of this book have used Kelly's hand-typed etext.) This year: Chapters 60-73, on Dryden, Defoe, Swift, Addison, Steele, Pope, Johnson, Goldsmith, Burns, and Cowper.
Term 1: ch 60 (Dryden) - ch 66 (Dick Steele)
Term 2: ch 67 (Pope) - ch 72 (Burns)
Term 3: ch 73 (Cowper)
AO schedules this book in conjunction with Invitation to the Classics; more material is covered in Marshall's History of English Literature from Year 7 to the middle of Year 10, and more is covered in Invitation to the Classics from the middle of Year 10, and through Year 11. If you prefer to use only Invitation to the Classics by Louise Cowan and Os Guinness ($), Year 9 students would read pg 177-202 Jonathan Swift - Gulliver's Travels to Hamilton,Madison, andJay - The Federalist. A Table of Contents to help with planning is here. (Back)
96. Gulliver's Travels: Skip chapter 5 in Part II, on Gulliver's visit to Brobdinnag, the land of the Giants. Also be aware that towards the end of the first chapter, the miniscule Gulliver is repulsed by the sight of a giantess nursing her child. (Back)
98. The Count of Monte Cristo: A must-read but very long -- plan accordingly. Possibly carry through summer break. Count of Monte Cristo overlaps the time periods of Years 9 and 10, so reading it through the summer will have the benefit of sustaining the flavor of the appropriate time period until the beginning of Year 10. This book really, really needs to be finished to see its messaage of repentance, regret, sorrow, forgiveness, redemption. (Back)
100. Pride and Prejudice: Please do not assume this to be a "girl book" -- essential, thought-provoking reading for everybody, and widely enjoyed by many males in our acquaintance. (Back)
102. The Roar on the Other Side: If your student has not already read this in Year 8, schedule it now. You can get a suggested idea of how to schedule it by looking at Year 8's 36-week schedule. (Back)
103. William Cowper is important as the voice of the Evangelical revival; Phillis Wheatley, the slave poet. "Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and sold at a slave auction at age seven to a prosperous Boston family who educated her and treated her as a family member. Rescued from an otherwise hopeless situation by the sympathies of the Wheatley family, Phillis learned English with remarkable speed . . ." Check online sites such as Librivox for free audio readings of poems; this is a growing project and more poems are online every month. (Back)
104. Oxford book of English Verse: (Project Gutenberg has the book with a different title β $) This is a poetry anthology Charlotte Mason used; excellent (a classic!), and online in a searchable format. Which version?
* Begin with the poet Thomas D'Urfey and read through to Thomas Parnell. This is approximately 40 poems, or about 3 to 4 per week.
** Begin with Allan Ramsay and read through to the poet William Cowper. This is approximately 37 poems, or about 3 per week.
*** Begin with James Beattie and read through to the poet Henry Rowe This is approximately 3 poems per week.
[Of course, this option means there will be no poets outside the UK for Year 9, so you may wish to supplement with poets of your own country.] Check online sites such as Librivox for free audio readings of poems; this is a growing project and more poems are online every month. (Back)
106. Representative Poetry Online: Follow this time-line of English Poetry and do an anthology of sorts this term. This option is a little more complicated to adjust for your personal use, but it does include British, Canadian and American poets. Select "timeline." The poets for year 9 are the Augustans (scroll down to the year 1688 for the Augustans) and the Romantics. (Note: Some firewalls may block access to this link - just a technical glitch. In that case, go here then click on "e-Books" to access the search field. Type in "Representative Poetry". From that page, choose "timeline" and you'll be in the right place.) Check online sites such as Librivox for free audio readings of poems; this is a growing project and more poems are online every month. (Back)
108. Grammar: In terms of difficulty (easiest to most challenging), Easy Grammar Plus is probably the easiest, followed by Jensen's, and then Our Mother Tongue.
Jensen's Grammar goes slowly and step-by-step; their answer key is thorough (Our Mother Tongue doesn't always have answers). There are 75 lessons, so plan to take two years, or else do two lessons per week. Expect to pay about $30 for the Jensen's text and answer key. The DVD's are not necessary. You will probably find it cheaper at New Leaf Publishing, or other homeschool sellers such as Lamppost Homeschool.
If you are not confident about teaching grammar, you might prefer Easy Grammar Plus by Wanda Phillips. It's less intense than Jensen's, but still doesn't assume a lot of previous knowledge from the teacher. It's easier than Jensen with just a couple suggested alterations (for example, don't insist on memorizing the prepositions at the start, just write a list of them and explain an easy way to remember most of them: any way a worm can go in relations to two apples, or a swallow in relation to two mountains). A parent using this with one child could get by with only the Teacher's Edition since the student workbook is included in it, but multiple students would need their own workbooks. ($ from their website or CBD) Easy Grammar Grade 8 Student 180 Daily Teaching Lessons by Wanda Phillips is just as good; it also has the student workbook included in the teacher's edition.
Those who are more familiar with grammar may prefer Our Mother Tongue. It's more interesting as it uses classic literature for exercises and includes snippets of history about language. The Answer Key ($) is sold separately for about $5. Our Mother Tongue has 49 chapters. One suggestion is to spread the book over two years, doing about 9 chapters per term. (Back)
110. Dr. Robert Einarrson's Grammar Handouts that Karen Glass so highly recommended have been replaced with a free downloadable textbook and workbook called Traditional English Sentence Style and teaches grammar through literature. This is an excellent book and should be used for students who have already completed Our Mother Tongue or Jensen's (or perhaps an acceptable replacement for those). It "promises not only to teach you about grammar, but also to show you the 'grammar secrets' of some of the great writers of English." Details are at the link. (Back)
112. The Elements of Style by Strunk and White: the print version is preferred over online etext. (Back)
114. AO's Language Arts Scope and Sequence for this level is here. Assign 3 to 5 written narrations each week, varying the assignments among subjects, and assigning some narrations to be written from readings done earlier in the week. For example: On Tuesdays, the student would read the scheduled Literature, news of the week, historical or allegorical subjects, etc. Then on Thursdays, the student would write a narration of one of those readings. Narration can be done in many ways: poetic, in answer to an essay-style question, straight narration, narration in letter-writing form, and many other creative ways. Write verses (perhaps using metre of poems set for this term) on current events and characters in the term's reading, upon heroic deeds, or on seasonal scenes. Write Narrative poems on striking events. (Back)
118. Paradigm Online Writing Assistant: Karen Glass: Paradigm Online Writing Assistant is a whole online free course about writing four kinds of essays. I haven't explored the whole thing, but I like what I've seen so far. This is the link to the section on writing a support essay. At the top of the page, you can see the progression of the whole course. (Back)
120. Recitation: Bartlett's Familiar Quotations is a helpful tool for looking for quotable sections from various plays of Shakespeare, especially quotes from the various plays which appear in various other literature. Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th edition, is online (in html and text here.) Note: To get the list of plays from the Bartlett's Familiar Quotations page, try selecting 1) the Author index, then select 2) the Shakespeare entry, which should provide a list of quotations from the first play in the list; and then try selecting 3) Shakespeare's name above the quotations. This last step should bring you to an index of the plays, not just the list of quotations. Or, you may go directly to the play needed from the Shakespeare play index. (Back)
122. Dictation: The student studies two or three pages of dictation material per week, from which the teacher dictates several paragraphs or sections. Students should have the opportunity to study the passage carefully for spelling, punctuation and form before they are required to write it from dictation. At this level, you may wish for your student to alternate between taking dictation in the traditional way by hand, and with a word processor (an added benefit here is the spellchecker function, which can be a useful teaching tool and actually functions in a manner complementary to CM's spelling methods.)
Dictation selections may be drawn from sources such as the term's prose, poetry and Bible readings. You may also occasionally choose to assign selections from well-written journalism sources to exemplify a more technical and factual style of writing. However, choose carefully as newspapers and magazines are often poorly written. Examples of worthy sources might include World Magazine, and columnists such as Peggy Noonan, William F. Buckley, William Raspberry, Charles Krauthammer, Cal Thomas, George Will, and Thomas Sowell, most of whom are accessible from www.drudgereport.com (site will need screening by parent; daily entries are increasingly and disturbingly non-family-friendly). Another good resource for exemplary journalism is http://www.opinionjournal.com from the Wall Street Journal. Writers from these sources are prolific and skilled at the craft of writing. The New Yorker magazine is known for being expertly written and edited, but may require parental previewing.
You may also select among these essays for dictation work. These provide a good starting point for the essay form of writing. After two or three terms of studying Lamb's essays, students should be prepared to tackle writing essays on subjects they choose. One possible usage is to have students read an essay on Monday, outline it on Tuesday, rewrite it from their outline on Wednesday, and polish up that rough draft on Thursday.
Note: In PNEU's Form III, a paragraph was dictated; in Form IV, selections were occasionally written from memory. You might occasionally assign the student's mastered recitation work for the dictation lesson. (Back)
124. Apologia science materials by Dr. Jay Wile ($earch). Read the suggested course sequencing at http://www.apologia.com/store/ to determine what will work best for the needs of your student, based on interest and math level. If a student missed out on the AmblesideOnline science selections and nature study rotation, General Science should be considered as a starting point with Apologia materials; otherwise start with Physical Science. Read through Jay Wile's website, especially "course sequencing" to see what will work best for the needs of your student based on interest and math level. If financial resources are a concern, any of their science courses may easily be stretched to two years.
Another possible option: BJU Press Science, which schedules Physical (basic) science in 9th grade, Biology in 10th grade, Chemistry in 11th grade, and Physics in 12th grade. The Advisory has not used this yet. Some have recommended BJU Biology, Apologia Chemistry and Apologia Physics. (Back)
126. Microbe Hunters: This is a collection of science biographies. Year 9: tchapter 2 on Spallanzani. The remaining chapters will be split between Years 8, 10 and 11. Since only 1 chapter is used In Year 9, you may opt to assign some chapters from the Great Astronomers book, below, in other terms. (Back)
128. The Land of Little Rain or The Natural History of Selborne: Spread either book over all three terms. (Back)
130. Henri Fabre: choose any one of these; many of these are online at Project Gutenberg; Fabre texts with photos)
Select one of the following Fabre works from the above link:
Bramble-Bees and Others Δ
The Life of the Caterpillar Δ
The Life of the Fly, With Which Are Interspersed Some Chapters of Autobiography Δ
The Mason-Bees Δ
More Hunting Wasps Δ
The Wonders of Instinct: Chapters in the Psychology of Insects Δ
The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles Δ
Social Life in the Insect World Δ (Back)
132. Great Astronomers: this is the science option that appears in the 36-week schedule. (Back)
134. How to Read a Book: be sure to get the revised edition. Read only Part 1 the first year, Part 2 the second year, Part 3 the third year. (This book continues into Year 10). This breaks down to five chapters for the year, seven weeks to get through each chapter. This is slow, but this material is weighty and should give much material for reflection and discussion. Note: The revised version was written by both Mortimer J. Adler And Charles Van Doren. If Van Doren is not a co-writer, it's the older book. It was revised in 1972, but later books may not be called "revised." The version to use has five chapters in part 1; 7 chapters in part 2; 7 chapters in part 3; and two chapters in part 4. The unrevised edition may have fewer parts. (Back)
136. Love is a Fallacy - An amusing short story which manages to entertain while instructing in some of the basic rhetorical fallacies. There's an alternate link here, and a pdf file here. We continue to update links, but this one has been a moving target. The story begins, "Cool was I and logical. Keen, calculating, perspicacious, acute and astute." If our link doesn't work, you might try googling with those exact words and the author's name (Shulman) to find it elsewhere on the internet. (Back)
138. Art options: Parents may wish to screen all options for nudity. (Back)
140. Jansen's Story of Painting: The Chapter titled "Towards Revolution," terms 1 and 2; and the first few pages of the section titled The Age of Machines. Stop at the paragraph ending "Here, then, you see the beginning of the split between artist and public that still persists today." If you already have Janson's Picture History of Painting, Janson's History of Art for Young People or Janson's History of Art, those books are broken down into their appropriate terms for Years 7-11 here. (Back)
142. Jansen's History of Art: Begin around The Rococo, and include portions of the chapter "Neoclassicism and Romanticism." If you already have Janson's Picture History of Painting, Janson's History of Art for Young People or Janson's History of Art, those books are broken down into their appropriate terms for Years 7-11 here. (Back)
144. The Arts by Hendrik Van Loon: this book is OOP (out of print), but worthy of an exception to our usual exclusion of OOP books from the curriculum. Begin with either chapter 40 (which overlaps year 8 and 9) or chapter 41 and read through to chapter 48. (Back)
146. Foreign Folk Songs: Charlotte Mason did 3 in French and 3 in German. (Back)
148. English Folk Songs: you may choose to continue the Folk Song rotation at AmblesideOnline; as well as the AmblesideOnline rotation for Hymns each term. Carols would do for the Winter term. Work on each song about 4 weeks. Folksongs which are particularly appropriate selections for the Year 9 time frame include:
The Skye Boat Song arrangement 2 (also on YouTube
The Ballad of the Green Mountaineers According to one book, it's actually a poem written in his youth by John Greenleaf Whittier, so it postdates the Revolutionary War. YouTube. An alternative would be The Yankee Privateer YouTube
Yankee Doodle historical - More info here in a popup link
The Water is Wide
Johnny Has Gone For a Soldier YouTube
Robert Burns' poetry and music fit this era; one of his many songs is A Man's a Man For a' That (You'll have to click to the alternate lyrics linked on that page to hear the midi.)
Other Scottish folks songs arranged chronologically, including a large collection of Burns' songs. (Back)
150. Charlotte Mason's students were learning three languages at this level. A good English/foreign language dictionary is also recommended.
You might find that your foreign language studies cover enough grammar to be counted as English Grammar as well. (Back)
152. Physical Education: One Advisory suggestion: For routine fitness, Living Arts' Pilates videos/DVD's offer a challenging but enjoyable 30 minute mat workout that will benefit the entire family. Instructor Ana Caban gives clear and concise verbal cues that even young children can follow with a little guidance (even a 3 yob! ;-) and the background music is neither loud nor distracting. Start with the Beginning Mat Workout video/DVD ($), which explains the basics, before advancing to the Intermediate Mat Workout ($). Another suggestion: Leslie Sansone's Walking DVD's: Start! Walking ($), Walk Away the Pounds ($).
Learn and play a game (kick ball, tennis, croquet, ping-pong, bocce ball, softball, racquetball, volleyball, soccer, etc.) or take up hiking, swimming, folk-dancing, hula dancing, clogging, Scottish dancing, Irish dancing (purchase Celtic Feet VHS Original Best DVD) or pursue other physical activity of your choice. Another option is Swedish Drill Revisited by Dawn Duran $(Back)
154. Nutrition: You may wish to consider books by Shonda Parker ($earch), a Christian homeschooling mother and certified herbalist.
Nutrition and Physical Degeneration by Weston A. Price ($)
The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals by Michael Pollan ($)
Folks, This Ain't Normal: A Farmer's Advice for Happier Hens, Healthier People, and a Better World by Joel Salatin ($) (Back)
158. Work and Life Skills: Charlotte Mason had students do house or garden work, make Christmas presents, pursue useful crafts, sew, cook, and learn first aid. She also suggested that the student help darn and mend garments from the wash each week and sew for charity (serving at a soup kitchen would also work). We suggest that over the course of high school, your student might do the following (a rough guideline would be to choose about three of these per year for the next four years):
Learn to cook using a basic cookery book such as Joy of Cooking ($), Better Homes and Gardens New Cookbook ($), The Cook's Illustrated How-to Cook Library (K), Mark Bittman's How to Cook Everything ($ K), one of Sue Gregg's cookbooks ($earch), or whatever you have on hand.
Learn CPR and first aid (This can also be counted for Health.)
Learn to balance a checking account
Learn to read a map
Read a book about Small Engine Repair
Take a course in Driver's Ed
Work with an Election Campaign
Learn to garden and/or yard care
Change a flat tire
Use jumper cables
Pump gas, change the oil and plugs on a car
Make some simple furniture
Lay a tile floor
Paint a room
Some basic home repair and maintenance
The Walls Around Us by David Owen ($) is a well-written book about how our houses are built, but it needs some previewing or parental editing.
Miss Mason frequently recommended Scouting tests (Parents' Review, May 1920) and said that all girls should take the First Aid and Housecraft Tests. We suggest that all students learn CPR and First Aid. Scouting or 4-H are other options to consider.
DOMESTIC SCIENCE OPTIONS:
Home Comforts: The Art and Science of Keeping House by Cheryl Mendelson (excellent resource for all homes) ($)
The Hidden Art of Homemaking by Edith Schaeffer ($) ∫
Do I Dust or Vacuum First? by Don Aslett ($)
books by Emilie Barnes ($earch)
Get More Done in Less Time by Donna Otto ($)
Speed Cleaning by Jeff Campbell ($)
Who Says it's a Woman's Job to Clean? by Don Aslett ($)
(These last two may be particularly useful with boys.)
Books by Larry Burkett ($earch; K) or Dave Ramsey ($earch)
The Tightwad Gazette books by Amy Dacyczyn ($earch) (Back)
Last update July 30, 2014
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