The Parents' Review
A Monthly Magazine of Home-Training and Culture
"Education is an atmosphere, a discipline, a life."
The Grammarian's Funeral.
Great Men do mean what they say.
Time. It is night. The sunshine seldom gladdened his days, whose life was spent in the gloom of a scantily furnished study, where, besides a chair and a desk, there was nothing else but a shelf laden with dusty parchments, hard to decipher and harder still to understand. It is fitting that his funeral procession be ordered by night on whom in his lifetime the sun so rarely shone.
Then for the place of internment; that must be on the hilltop. His whole life was a long ascent, in the course of which there was no level ground. In like manner the bearers must painfully wind in long procession up the steep hill to the very top. As he passed through life so must his last journey be.
But the work of his life, the revival of learning, was the sunrise of a new day for mankind. Therefore it is fitting that he be committed to the grave at dawn, at the moment when a new day promises new life to all the world. The crest of the hill will be illuminated before the plain below.
"Look out if yonder be not day again
In the loftier realms of thought man's spirit "burns rarer, intenser." But the scholar studied for the good of man and not for his own pleasure. He was no hermit, forsaking men to better himself; he renounced social intercourse that he might make himself more serviceable to his kind. Therefore let the scholar be buried, not like heroes of old on some lonely summit, seldom trodden by the foot of man, but rather in some high-built market place, daily crossed and recrossed by the busy steps of the multitude whom his life will ennoble, because he lived to magnify the mind. In the north of Europe, cities lie in plains or valleys, but in the south they were often built on high ground. Rome was the city of the seven hills; Athens and Corinth each crowned the summit of a rock.
And now the bearers address their shoulders to the burthen. Let them tread firmly and step warily. The ascent is long, the path is steep, and the load is heavy. Let there be no stumbling; let them prove to all the world that they bear the coffin of no common man. The warnings to the bearers which are interjected from time to time play an important part in the structure of the poem, and harmonize with the various stages of the scholar's career. The funeral begins the toilsome ascent, and the verses which describe it are somewhat rugged, but as soon as the bearers obtain from the rising ground a dim view of the plain beneath, where all lies in quiet repose, there occurs a line of marvellous sweetness--
"Sleep croft and herd, sleep darkling thorpe and croft,
like a momentary gleam of brightness in a sombre scene.
What manner of man was this master, "famous, calm and dead?" He was no meagre specimen of humanity. In him none of the graces of a man were wanting. He had been handsome in his youth, and he had been possessed of arts which charm. But he forsook music and the dance and all that belongs to youth, in order to devote himself entirely to learning. Long he studied in obscurity till he awoke to the discovery that youth had departed. Was it not now time to enjoy a little of life before it was too late? His friends would urge him to shut his books and leave learning to younger men. It should be noticed at this point that the poet interjects a warning to the bearers, who are supposed to feel the labour of the ascent:--
"Keep the mountain side, make for the city."
Let the bearers imitate the scholar who held on to his self-appointed task uninterruptedly--"Left play for work, grappled with the world, bent on escaping the common life."
So he went on deciphering old Greek texts, Homer and Aeschylus and Plato and the rest, and grew learned beyond other men. But where now were the sunny locks of his youth and the brightness of his glance and the sweetness of his voice? All these were gone, and instead he was bald and stammering and leaden-eyed. Again the world tempted him. There is yet time to taste life. All that has preceded is but the overture, the prelude, the piece before the play. It is time to raise the curtain for the drama itself to begin. But again the scholar is resolute. What if he had mastered the ancient writers, he had yet to examine all that had been written in the way of explanation. And then it was time to commence original work for himself. He had laid out his plan for his whole lifetime. He had mastered the learning of the past to spurn it when acquired and commence anew. This was his design.
"Fancy the fabric
The crown of the design was to add to knowledge after working up to its limits. The scholar's ideal was at length within his grasp. A warning to the bearers reminds them that their goal is in sight. "Here is the town gate reached, there is the market place," with the open grave in the centre. Let the tired bearers take heart and inspirit the last few moments of their toil with their chanting. The scholar studied in no mercenary spirit. By a life of study he would add to the stock of human knowledge. It would be for others to put it to use. That was "God's affair, not his."
Now for the last time the world tempts him again. Life is ebbing fast. His friends say, "Master, rest awhile, and before you pass away enjoy the consolation of some last conversation with those you are leaving." But the aged Grammarian replied--
"What's now? Leave 'now' for dogs and apes;
In spite of all the disease of old age, the temptation to rest is yet once more resisted. The bearers are warned that only a few steps more remain of the narrow winding way. The scholar scorns rest on his death-bed, and plunges once more into his parchments, whilst the poet pauses to take stock of his life and draw the moral of it.
If we work and seek quick return for our toil, the bargain is a cheap and common one. He who sets himself an easy task soon completes it and receives the payment for it. A great work will require a lifetime, and its payment will never be received this side the grave.
He ventured, neck or nothing: "heaven found or earth's failure." "Wilt thou trust death or not?" He answered, "Yes." A large pile of little things do not make a great one.
"That low man goes on adding one to one,
So the scholar continues his labour in his last agony.
"He settled hoti's business--let it be
These curious lines, which seem to halt and gasp like the breath of a dying man, gather up briefly the sum of the scholar's work. He pursued knowledge into accurate corners. The three Greek particles, hoti, oun and de, have different meanings according to their accents, and these different meanings are easily overlooked. Yet the sense of important passages may be interpreted quite wrongly for want of discrimination between these nice and subtle points. How small is the addition to the sum of learning that even a life's work can accomplish, and yet no less a sacrifice than a life is required for that little! "Wilt thou trust death or not?" He answers, "Yes."
So the Grammarian left his work to lighten the world after his death. The darkness of mediaeval thought slowly vanishes before the morning beams of newer learning.
The grave is reached. The bearers set down their burden and look around. They see many a quiet home lying peacefully on the plain. There live the many at peace. Here on the hilltop is the home of the "High flyers." Yonder is the curlew, who loves hills and moors, but shuns the common herd. Here flies the swallow, the type of emigration, the symbol of the scholar's flight from death in life to life in death.
Here let him lie in his "appropriate place," where the elemental forces of nature are most vividly perceived. Here are best seen the meteors blazing across the sky. Here thunder-clouds gather and lightnings play round the hilltop. Here are best watched the constellations as they rise in the east and traverse the heavens with their western setting. Here the last surroundings of the scholar will be the majesty and the sweetness of Nature. Let joy accompany the storm and peace descend with the evening dew. In the midst of such associations let us take a last farewell of the Grammarian.
"Lofty designs must close in like effects,
Typed by happi, Mar 2020; Proofread by LNL, Apr 2020
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